NFS Storage for Linux-KVM
This article describes steps to configure NFS shared storage to get it working with your Platform9 Managed OpenStack (PMO) private cloud.
By default, PMO assumes certain locations on your linux server for storage of virtual machine data and image catalog data. However, you can customize these locations to better suit your environment.
Steps to Perform On the NFS Server
Follow the steps given below to configure the NFS server to customize the locations for virtual machine data and image catalog data.
Step 1 - Create and Export Shared Directories
Create two separate directories, one for virtual machine storage and another for image catalog storage. Let us assume that you want to create the directories, instances and imagelibrary for virtual machine storage and image catalog storage respectively. Run the following commands to create instances and imagelibrary directories under the /pf9 directory on your NFS server.
mkdir -p /pf9/instances mkdir /pf9/imagelibrary
Modify /etc/exports to export these directories with appropriate permissions.
echo "/pf9 10.0.0.0/8(rw,no_root_squash)" > /etc/exports #Restart NFS and export all directories. service nfs restart exportfs -a
For more information on setting up NFS server on CentOS, refer to Setting up an NFS Server on CentOS.
Step 2 - Configure Iptables
Configure iptables and open appropriate NFS port to allow NFS traffic.
iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 2049 -j ACCEPT
Steps to Perform On the Physical Servers to Be Added to Platform9 Managed OpenStack
The following steps must be performed on the physical servers or hosts that you wish to add to Platform9 Managed OpenStack.
Step 1 - Create User And Group
On each server that you plan to add to Platform9, create a pf9 user, a pf9group group with pf9 user being part of pf9group group. Make sure that the user and group have exact same UID and GIDs across all servers being added to Platform9. This step is critical for Platform9 to be able to register a virtual machine from one physical server to another. Suppose you would like to assign UID 1024 to pf9 user and GID 500 to pf9group group.
groupadd --gid 500 pf9group adduser --comment "The Platform9 user" --gid 500 --uid 1024 pf9
addgroup --gid 500 pf9group adduser --disabled-password --gecos "Platform9" --uid 1024 pf9 adduser pf9 pf9group
Step 2 - Mount NFS Directory for Virtual Machine Storage
Let us assume that your NFS server IP address is 10.1.1.1. On each Linux Server to be added to Platform9, mount the NFS directory that will store data for virtual machines. Suppose you would like to mount it to /mnt/nfs/instances.
mkdir -p /mnt/nfs/instances mount 10.1.1.1:/pf9/hosts /mnt/nfs/instances
Step 3 - Mount NFS Directory for Image Catalog Storage
In addition, on the Linux server that will also host image catalog, mount the NFS directory that will store data for image catalog. Suppose you would like to mount it to /mnt/nfs/imagelibrary.
mkdir -p /mnt/nfs/imagelibrary mount 10.1.10.1:/pf9/imagelibrary /mnt/nfs/imagelibrary
Step 4 - Change Owner of Virtual Machine Storage and Image Catalog Storage
Now, change the owner of the virtual machine storage and the image catalog storage to pf9 user, by using the chown command.
chown -R pf9:pf9group /mnt/nfs/instances chown -R pf9:pf9group /mnt/nfs/imagelibrary
You are now ready to add these servers to Platform9. During authorization of the servers, you can customize the location of virtual machine and image catalog storage and specify the NFS directories like we just configured above.
At this point, you can start using your NFS shared storage with your Platform9 Managed OpenStack private cloud.